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    St. Lucia Island Resorts
    Island History

  • History
  • St. Lucia was first visited by European mariners around the year 1500. France was the first to colonize the island after signing a treaty with the indigenous Caribs in 1660. England seized control of St. Lucia from 1663-1667 and proceeded to go to war with France over the island fourteen times! Great Britain took final control of St. Lucia in 1814. A parliamentary government came about in 1924. Finally, on February 22nd, 1979 St. Lucia became an independent member of the British Commonwealth of Nations and they celebrate this date yearly as their independence day.

  • In-Depth History
  • Pre-European St. Lucia:
  • St. Lucia's first known indigenous people were the Arawak Indians. It is believed they migrated from the northern part of South America around 200-400 AD. Many archaelogical sites on St. Lucia have yielded excellent specimens of well-developed pottery.

    The Caribs replaced the original Arawaks somewhere between 800 and 1000 AD. These Indians called the island first Hiwanarau, and then later on Hewanorra, which is now the name of St. Lucia's airport at Vieux Fort. The Caribs formed a complex society with a family-line of kings and shamans. They built war canoes to hold over 100 warriors that were fast enough to catch European sailing ships. As visitors came to St. Lucia, the Europeans feared the Caribs on account of tales of violence and cannibalism that were probably greatly exaggerated. From early accounts, it seems the Caribs were normally quite generous and welcoming until they were deceived or attacked by the Europeans.
  • The European Invasion of St. Lucia
  • Travelers from Europe first landed on St. Lucia in 1492 or 1502 during Spain's first explorations of the Caribbean Sea. English, French, and Dutch expeditions all tried to establish trading posts on the island during the 1600's but faced resistance from the Carib inhabitants of early St. Lucia.
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